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Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Tonsillits

TONSILLITIS



What is Tonsillitis?




Definition

Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat — one tonsil on each side. Signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include swollen tonsils, sore throat, difficulty swallowing and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the neck.
Most cases of tonsillitis are caused by infection with a common virus, but bacterial infections also may cause tonsillitis.

Symptoms

Red, swollen tonsils
White or yellow coating or patches on the tonsils
Sore throat
Difficult or painful swallowing
Fever
Bad breath
Stomachache, particularly in younger children
Stiff neck
Headache
Refusal to eat

Causes

Tonsillitis is most often caused by common viruses, but bacterial infections can also be the cause.
Tonsillitis can also be caused by fungi or parasites, but these causes are rare in people who have healthy immune systems.
How tonsillitis is spread
Tonsillitis is spread by close contact with an infected person. Droplets of disease-causing agents (pathogens) pass through the air when an infected person breathes, coughs, or sneezes. You may then become infected after breathing in these droplets. Symptoms usually appear about 2 to 5 days after exposure.


Complication

Difficulty breathing
Disrupted breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea)
Infection that spreads deep into surrounding tissue (tonsillar cellulites)
Infection that results in a collection of pus behind a tonsil (tonsillar abscess)

Treatment and Drug

Tonsillitis caused by a virus will usually go away on its own. Treatment focuses on helping you feel better. You may be able to ease throat pain if you gargle with salt water, drink warm tea, take over-the-counter pain medicine, and use other home treatments.
Encourage rest. 
Provide adequate fluids. 
Provide comforting foods and beverage.
Prepare a saltwater gargle.
Humidify the air. 
Offer lozenges. 
Avoid irritants. 
Treat pain and fever. 
If its severe, go for surgery Tonsillectomy . 

 Surgical intervention
Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy



Prevention

Avoid close contact with others who are sick. If possible, keep your child away from children who are known to have tonsillitis or sore throat.
Frequently remind about the importance of proper hand-washing, especially when around people who appear sick. Also tell your child not to share toothbrushes or eating utensils with other children.
Wash and disinfect surfaces and toys.
Teach children to cover their mouths when coughing or sneezing, preferably using a tissue so that germs do not get on their hands. Also show them how to use tissues to wipe their noses.
Carry disposable wipes and a hand sanitizer to clean hands and to wipe off shopping carts or other shared items in public places.
Do not smoke around your child.

Home Remedies for Tonsillitis


1. Salt Water

The best and the most common home remedy for tonsillitis is to gargle with warm salt water. The warm water will have a soothing effect and the salt will help kill the virus or bacteria. Plus, salt helps reduce inflammation, giving you instant relief.
  1. Mix one teaspoon of table salt in a cup of warm water.
  2. Gargle with the solution. Do not swallow it. Spit the water out after gargling.
  3. Repeat this as often as possible for speedy recovery.

2. Lemon

Lemon’s antiviral, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties take care of the infection as well as the inflammation. Plus, its high vitamin C content improves the body’s resistance to infections.
  • In a glass of lukewarm water, add the juice from one lemon, a pinch of salt and one teaspoon of honey. Drink it slowly, twice daily for a few days.
  • Alternatively, you can sprinkle a little salt and pepper on a slice of lemon, and then suck on the lemon slice. It will help force the phlegm out of your throat. Do this two or three times a day for several days.

3. Basil

Basil is another very effective home remedy for tonsillitis due to its antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties. Plus, its healing properties and soothing qualities will help reduce swelling and pain as well as speed up the healing process.
  1. Add 10 to 12 basil leaves to one and one-half cups of water.
  2. Boil for 10 minutes.
  3. Strain and add the juice from one lemon to the solution. Optionally, add one teaspoon of honey to sweeten it.
  4. Drink this three times a day for two to three days.

4. Turmeric

Due to its strong anti-inflammatory and antiseptic qualities, turmeric can also fight off tonsillitis infection and relieve irritating symptoms.
  • Add one teaspoon of turmeric powder to a glass of hot water or salt water. Gargle with this mixture several times a day, and especially before going to bed. It will help get rid of the inflammation and soreness.
  • Alternatively, you can add one teaspoon of turmeric powder and a pinch of ground black pepper to a glass of warm milk. Drink it at night for two to three days to speed up the healing process.

5. Cinnamon

Cinnamon can be used for treating tonsillitis. Being rich in antimicrobial properties, cinnamon inhibits the growth of bacteria and other micro-organisms in the tonsils and helps reduce swelling, pain and inflammation.
  1. Add one teaspoon of cinnamon powder to a glass of hot water.
  2. Mix in two teaspoons of honey.
  3. Sip on it slowly while it is still warm.
  4. Drink this two or three times a day for one week.

6. Slippery Elm

Slippery elm contains mucilage, a gel-like substance that can ease soreness, inflammation and pain. When taken internally, slippery elm soothes and heals inflamed tissues, including the mucus membranes of the throat.
  • Add one teaspoon of the inner bark of slippery elm to two cups of boiling water. Allow it to steep for five minutes, and then strain the solution. Drink it slowly while it is still warm twice daily for a few days.
  • Alternatively, mix together three teaspoons of the powdered bark of slippery elm, one teaspoon of cayenne pepper powder, two teaspoons of honey and four teaspoons of warm water. Take one teaspoon of this mixture at regular intervals for two to three days.

7. Mint

Mint is believed to have antimicrobial powers, hence it can effectively kill bacteria and viruses that cause tonsillitis. Plus, the menthol in the mint soothes the irritated mucus membranes and gives you relief from many of the symptoms.
  • Boil one glass of water with a handful of mint leaves. Allow it to boil until the water is reduced to half the quantity. Strain, add one teaspoon of honey and drink it while it is still warm. Drink this soothing drink two or three times a day for a few days.
  • You can also gargle with mint-flavored mouthwash several times a day for as long as you have tonsillitis.

8. Fenugreek

Fenugreek, also known as methi, has antibacterial properties that make it an excellent cure for tonsillitis as it can kill the bacteria responsible for tonsillitis. Plus, the anti-inflammatory properties present in fenugreek will give you instant relief from pain and inflammation.
  1. Add two tablespoons of fenugreek seeds to two to three cups of water.
  2. Allow it to simmer for 30 minutes.
  3. Strain and let it cool.
  4. Gargle with it for at least 30 seconds, and then spit it out.
  5. Repeat twice daily until your tonsillitis goes away.

9. Carom Seeds

The nutritional value of carom seeds (ajwain) is helpful in fighting symptoms of tonsillitis. The seeds are rich in antioxidants as well as vitamins and minerals that help boost the immune system to fight off the infection.
  1. In a pan, heat one-fourth teaspoon of carom seeds until they are brown.
  2. Add a pinch of turmeric power and stir for a few seconds, then add one cup of warm milk and mix well.
  3. Remove from heat.
  4. Enjoy the drink while it is still warm. Drink it twice daily for two to three days.

10. Figs

Figs are quite effective for treating tonsillitis at home. Because of their high mucilage content, figs can reduce pain and soreness caused by tonsillitis.
  • Boil three dried figs in water and mash them. Eat it with one tablespoon of honey two or three times a day for a number of days.
  • Alternatively, boil and mash some fresh figs. Mash the figs in the water you have used for boiling them. Apply this paste on the outer part of your throat. Allow it to air dry, and then rinse it off with warm water. Repeat once daily to relieve pain from tonsillitis.
As tonsillitis is extremely contagious, proper care should be taken to maintain high levels of hygiene to prevent contracting the illness.
Home Remedies 

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