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Monday, August 28, 2017

Sinusitis

Sinusitis


What is Sinusitis 





Definition

Acute sinusitis (acute rhino sinusitis) causes the cavities around your nasal passages (sinuses) to become inflamed and swollen. This interferes with drainage and causes mucus to build up.

With acute sinusitis, it may be difficult to breathe through your nose. The area around your eyes and face may feel swollen, and you may have throbbing facial pain or a headache.
Acute sinusitis is most often caused by the common cold. 

Symptoms

Drainage of a thick, yellow or greenish discharge from the nose or down the back of the throat.

Nasal obstruction or congestion, causing difficulty breathing through your nose.

Pain, tenderness, swelling and pressure around your eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead.

Reduced sense of smell and taste
Cough, which may be worse at night
Ear pain
Headache
Sore throat
Bad breath
Fatigue
Fever

Causes

Acute sinusitis can be caused by:

Viral infection - Most cases of acute sinusitis are caused by the common cold.

Bacterial infection - When an upper respiratory tract infection persists longer than seven to 10 days, it's more likely to be caused by a bacterial infection

Fungal infection -  increased risk of a fungal infection if you have sinus abnormalities or a weakened immune system.

Allergies such as hay fever.
Nasal polyps or tumors. 
Deviated nasal septum. 
Tooth infection. 
Enlarged or infected adenoids in children. 

Complication

Asthma flare-ups. 
Chronic sinusitis. 
Meningitis. 
Vision problems. 
Ear infection. 

Test and Diagnosis

Physical Exam
Nasal Endoscopy
Imaging Studies
Nasal and Sinus cultures
Allergy testing

Surgical intervention



Life style and Home Remedies

Get plenty of rest.
Drink plenty of fluids. 
Steam your sinus cavities. 
Apply warm compresses to your face. 
Rinse out your nasal passages. 
Sleep with your head elevated. 

Prevention

Avoid minimize contact with people who suffer cold.
Wash your hands frequently
Carefully manage about allergies

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