Wednesday, August 23, 2017




Hemorrhoids (HEM-uh-roids), also called piles, are swollen and inflamed veins in your anus and lower rectum. Hemorrhoids may result from straining during bowel movements or from the increased pressure on these veins. Hemorrhoids may be located inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids), or they may develop under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids).

Hemorrhoids are common ailments. By age 50, about half of adults have had to deal with the itching, discomfort and bleeding that can signal the presence of hemorrhoids.


Painless bleeding during bowel movements — you might notice small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet bowl
Itching or irritation in your anal region
Pain or discomfort
Swelling around your anus
A lump near your anus, which may be sensitive or painful
Leakage of feces
External hemorrhoids are under the skin around your anus. When irritated, external hemorrhoids can itch or bleed. Sometimes blood may pool in an external hemorrhoid and form a clot (thrombus), resulting in severe pain, swelling and inflammation.


The veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure 
and may bulge or swell. Swollen veins — hemorrhoids — can develop 
from an increase in pressure in the lower rectum. 
Straining during bowel movements
Sitting for long periods of time on the toilet
Chronic diarrhea or constipation


Anemia. Chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids may cause anemia, in which you don't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to your cells, resulting in fatigue and weakness.
Strangulated hemorrhoid. If blood supply to an internal hemorrhoid is cut off, the hemorrhoid may be "strangulated," which can cause extreme pain and lead to tissue death (gangrene).


hemorrhoids produce only mild discomfort, your doctor may suggest
over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads. 
Minimally invasive procedures 
Rubber band ligation.
Injection (sclerotherapy)
Coagulation (infrared, laser or bipolar)
Surgical Procedures
Hemorrhoid removal
Hemorrhoid stapling

Lifestyle and Home remedies

Use topical treatments. 
Soak regularly in a warm bath or sit bath. Soak your anal area in plain warm water 10 to 15 minutes two to three times a day. 
Keep the anal area clean. 
Don't use dry toilet paper. To help keep the anal area clean after a bowel movement, use moist towelettes or wet toilet paper that doesn't contain perfume or alcohol.
Apply cold. Apply ice packs or cold compresses on your anus to relieve swelling.
Take oral pain relievers. You can use acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) temporarily to help relieve your discomfort.


Eat high-fiber foods. Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Doing so softens the stool and increases its bulk, which will help you avoid the straining that can cause hemorrhoids or worsen symptoms from existing hemorrhoids. Add fiber to your diet slowly to avoid problems with gas.
Drink plenty of fluids. 
Consider fiber supplements. — 20 to 35 grams a day — in their diet. 
Don't strain. Straining and holding your breath when trying to pass a stool creates greater pressure in the veins in the lower rectum..
Exercise. Stay active to help prevent constipation and to reduce pressure on veins, which can occur with long periods of standing or sitting. Exercise can also help you lose excess weight that may be contributing to your hemorrhoids.
Avoid long periods of standing or sitting. Sitting too long, particularly on the toilet, can increase the pressure on the veins in the anus.


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