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Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Gastritis

Gastritis



Definition

Inflammation of the lining of the stomach. the inflammation of gastritis is often the result of infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers. however, other factors — such as injury, regular use of certain pain relievers or drinking too much alcohol — also can contribute to gastritis.

Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis) or it can occur slowly over time (chronic gastritis). in some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer. 

Symptoms

A gnawing or burning ache or pain (indigestion) in your upper abdomen that may become either worse or better with eating
Nausea
Vomiting
A feeling of fullness in your upper abdomen after eating


Risk factors

bacterial infection.
regular use of pain relievers. 
older age. 
excessive alcohol use. 
stress. 
bile reflux disease. bile — a substance that helps you digest fats — is produced in your liver and stored in your gallbladder. when it's released from the gallbladder, bile travels to your small intestine through a series of thin tubes. if this valve doesn't work properly, or if it has been surgically removed, bile can flow into your stomach, leading to gastritis.

your own body attacking cells in your stomach. called autoimmune gastritis, this type of gastritis occurs when your body attacks the cells that make up your stomach lining.Type 1 diabetes. autoimmune gastritis can also be associated with vitamin b-12 deficiency.

other diseases and conditions. 

Complication

Left untreated, gastritis may lead to stomach ulcers and stomach bleeding. some forms of chronic gastritis may increase your risk of stomach cancer, especially if you have extensive thinning of the stomach lining and changes in the lining's cells.



Test and Diagnosis

test for H.pyloric
using a scope to examine your upper digestive system (endoscopy).
x-ray of your upper digestive system

Treatment and Drug

Antibiotic medications to kill h. pylori. 
Medications that block acid production and promote healing.
Medications to reduce acid production.
Antacids that neutralize stomach acid

Life style and Home remedies

Eat smaller, more frequent meals.
Avoid irritating foods. avoid foods that irritate your stomach, especially those that are spicy, acidic, fried or fatty.
Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all.
Consider switching pain relievers.
Manage stress.

Prevention

Preventing h. pylori infection 

it's not clear just how h. pylori spreads, but there's some evidence that it could be transmitted from person to person or through food and water. you can take steps to protect yourself from infections, such as h. pylori, by frequently washing your hands with soap and water and by eating foods that have been cooked completely.

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