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Monday, August 7, 2017

Dandruff


Dandruff


Definition
— Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition marked by flaking of the skin on your scalp. Although dandruff isn't contagious and is rarely serious, it can be embarrassing and sometimes difficult to treat.
— The good news is that dandruff usually can be controlled. Mild cases of dandruff may need nothing more than daily shampooing with a gentle cleanser. More stubborn cases of dandruff often respond to medicated shampoos.


Symptoms

— For most teens and adults, dandruff symptoms are easy to spot: white, oily looking flakes of dead skin that dot your hair and shoulders, and a possibly itchy, scaly scalp. The condition may worsen during the fall and winter, when indoor heating can contribute to dry skin, and improve during the summer.

— A type of dandruff called cradle cap can affect babies. This disorder, which causes a scaly, crusty scalp, is most common in newborns, but it can occur anytime during infancy. Although it can be alarming for parents, cradle cap isn't dangerous and usually clears up on its own by the time a baby is 3 years old.


Causes

Dandruff can have several causes, including:

— Dry skin. Simple dry skin is the most common cause of dandruff. Flakes from dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than those from other causes of dandruff, and you'll likely have symptoms and signs of dry skin on other parts of the body, such as your legs and arms.

— Irritated, oily skin (seborrheic dermatitis). This condition, one of the most frequent causes of dandruff, is marked by red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis may affect your scalp and other areas rich in oil glands, such as your eyebrows, the sides of your nose and the backs of your ears, your breastbone, your groin area, and sometimes your armpits.

— Not shampooing often enough. If you don't regularly wash your hair, oils and skin cells from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff.

— Other skin conditions. People with skin conditions such as eczema — a chronic, inflammatory skin condition — or psoriasis — a skin condition marked by a rapid buildup of rough, dry, dead skin cells that form thick scales — may appear to have dandruff.

— A yeast-like fungus (malassezia). Malassezia lives on the scalps of most adults, but for some, it irritates the scalp. This can irritate your scalp and cause more skin cells to grow. The extra skin cells die and fall off, making them appear white and flaky in your hair or on your clothes. Why malassezia irritates some scalps isn't known.

— Sensitivity to hair care products (contact dermatitis).Sometimes sensitivities to certain ingredients in hair care products or hair dyes, especially paraphenylenediamine, can cause a red, itchy, scaly scalp. Shampooing too often or using too many styling products also may irritate your scalp, causing dandruff.



Risk Factors
— Age. Dandruff usually begins in young adulthood and continues through middle age. That doesn't mean older adults don't get dandruff. For some people, the problem can be lifelong.

— Being male. Because more men have dandruff, some researchers think male hormones may play a role. Men also have larger oil-producing glands on their scalps, which can contribute to dandruff.

— Oily hair and scalp. Malassezia feeds on oils in your scalp. For that reason, having excessively oily skin and hair makes you more prone to dandruff.

— Poor diet. If your diet lacks foods high in zinc, B vitamins or certain types of fats, you may be more likely to have dandruff.

— Certain illnesses. For reasons that aren't clear, adults with neurological diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. So are people with HIV infection and those recovering from stressful conditions, particularly heart attack and stroke, and those with compromised immune systems.

Treatment and Drugs

— Dandruff can almost always be controlled, but dandruff treatment may take patience and persistence. In general, daily cleansing with a gentle shampoo to reduce oiliness and skin cell buildup can often help mild dandruff.

— Zinc pyrithione shampoos (such as Head & Shoulders, Jason Dandruff Relief 2 in 1, others). These contain the antibacterial and antifungal agent zinc pyrithione, which can reduce the fungus on your scalp that can cause dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.

— Tar-based shampoos (such as Neutrogena T/Gel). Coal tar, a byproduct of the coal manufacturing process, helps conditions such as dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis by slowing how quickly skin cells on your scalp die and flake off.

— Shampoos containing salicylic acid (such as Neutrogena T/Sal). These "scalp scrubs" help eliminate scale, but they may leave your scalp dry, leading to more flaking. Using a conditioner after shampooing can help relieve dryness.

— Selenium sulfide shampoos (such as Selsun Blue). These shampoos slow your skin cells from dying and may also reduce malassezia. Because they can discolor blond, gray or chemically colored hair, be sure to use them only as directed, and rinse well after shampooing.

— Ketoconazole shampoos (such as Nizoral). Ketoconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent that may work when other shampoos fail. It's available over-the-counter as well as by prescription.


Lifestyle and Home Remedies

— Learn to manage stress. Stress affects your overall health, making you susceptible to a number of conditions and diseases. It can even help trigger dandruff or worsen existing symptoms.

— Shampoo often. If you tend to have an oily scalp, daily shampooing may help prevent dandruff.

— Cut back on styling products. Hair sprays, styling gels, mousses and hair waxes can all build up on your hair and scalp, making them oilier.

— Eat a healthy diet. A diet that provides enough zinc, B vitamins and certain types of fats may help prevent dandruff.

— Get a little sun. Sunlight may be good for dandruff. But because exposure to ultraviolet light damages your skin and increases your risk of skin cancer, don't sunbathe. Instead, just spend a little time outdoors. And be sure to wear sunscreen on your face and body.


Get Rid From Dandruff – Natural methods

— Wash your hair regularly but not obsessively. Dandruff is caused when your scalp sheds dead skin cells. It is not caused by hair itself.The Mayo Clinic recommends washing your hair every day with a dandruff shampoo until the flakes subside, and then continuing to wash your hair with the anti-dandruff shampoo 2-3 per week.

— Excessive shampooing, especially with harsher chemicals, such as lauryl sulfate, can irritate the scalp and dry it out, causing more dandruff.


— Give your dandruff shampoo time to work. If you choose to wash your hair with dandruff shampoo, leave the shampoo in for at least 5 minutes before you wash it off. This will give the shampoo time to work.

— To help prevent dandruff, brush your hair after you shower and shampoo.Brushing your hair will help distribute the oil that is naturally occurring in your scalp and hair over the entire surface of your head.Starting at your scalp, brush outward to help distribute oil from the scalp along your entire head.






— Avoid stress and stressful situations. Stress can cause dandruff[1], so try to exercise your stress away or deal with your stress in other healthy, effective ways. Eat healthily. What you put into your body has an impact on what your body responds with. An excess of unhealthy foods (fast food, sugary foods, etc.) will often result in skin, scalp and hair problems.


— Use yogurt to get rid of that dandruff. Just wash and rinse your hair, then rub plain yogurt into the scalp, and leave for 10-15 minutes.




 — Rinse, then wash again, using as little shampoo as necessary. An infusion of thyme, nettle or sage with 2 tablespoons of vinegar can be used as a final rinse. To make an infusion, fresh or dried herbs can be used in loose or tea-bag form.


— Warm a teapot and put in 1 dessertspoon of herb for each cup required.

— Pour in a cup of boiling water for each cup of tea. Allow to steep for 10-15 minutes, then wash out the yogurt into a dish. Add the remainders for a healthier scalp.







Method 2 – Aspirin

— Break up two tablets between a thin cloth or napkin. Use a hammer or lightly pound on the aspirin with a cast-iron pan.

— Instead of ingesting the aspirin, add the crushed aspirin-powder to your regular shampoo.
— When shampooing, leave the shampoo in your hair for two minutes before rinsing. 











Method 3 – Vinegar

— Try apple cider vinegar. Take one part apple cider vinegar and mix it with one part water. Wash your hair normally, then pour vinegar-water mixture carefully onto hair and scrub into your scalp. Take care not to let any get into your eyes. If you have psoriasis or any unhealed scratch or scab, it will burn. (If it burns, just rinse the affected area with water)Leave on for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with water. The vinegar smell will disappear once your hair is dry.

— Repeat daily for about a week.






Banana and Vinegar

— Use banana and vinegar. Peel a whole banana. Mix with two cups vinegar.Stir until completely combined. You may want to use a fork or whisk to make a paste.

— Apply the mixture into hair. Take extra care to massage the mixture into your scalp. Continue for 5-10 minutes or until the mixture covers your hair completely.

— Leave in for twenty minutes to one hour. Then, rinse the mixture out completely.

— Repeat every day for one week. Then, you can do this once a week as a preventative treatment.














Method 4 – Baking soda

— Replace your shampoo with a handful of baking soda. Baking soda is used in a wide variety of ways, and is reputed to work as a natural dandruff remover.

— Instead of shampooing, rub a heaping tablespoon of baking soda into your wet hair and scalp. Wash thoroughly after one minute.

— Wait for the baking soda to work its magic. After two weeks of your baking soda shampoo, your scalp should begin producing natural oils, leaving the skin on your head moisturized and dandruff-free.

— Also use Baking soda with vinegar or lemon






Method 5 – oils

— Apply baby oil onto scalp. A little bit will go a long way. Massage the scalp but not too roughly. Cover your hair with a towel and leave the baby oil in overnight.

— Wash with a good anti-dandruff shampoo in the morning. The oil should condition your scalp while you're sleeping










— Olive oil
— Tea tree oil
— Cedarwood oil
— Coconut and honey

Method 6 - Fenugreek seeds

— Grind one tablespoon of methi seeds roughly. Do this by hand; do not use a mixer.

— Soak the seeds in two cups of water.

— Leave this mixture overnight.

— Strain. Use the water as a rinse.










Method 7 – Mouthwash

— This is a healthy thing to do to prevent dandruff about once a month.

— Mix 1 part mouthwash with 9 parts water. Pour onto hair after the usual hair wash.

— Simply dump the mixture over your head. Then style as normal. Do not rinse out.






Method 8 – Lemon juice

— Apply some lemon juice to your hair and scalp. Distribute it evenly.

— Give some time to the lemon juice to react, approximately 20-25 minutes. The scalp would itch, but don't worry, this is normal.

— Wash your hair thoroughly. If required, use shampoo too.
— Lemon juice and curd

— Get a bowl of curd and cut a lemon in half.

— Squeeze the lemon into the curd and mix together. Keep the piece of peel from the lemon.

— Apply the curd on your hair. Use the peel to apply and rub through with.

— After the curd is on your hair, massage the scalp with the inside of the lemon skin.

— Repeat often. Soon you will have no more dandruff.

Method 9 - Egg yolks

— Mix the yolks of 1 to 2 eggs.

— Apply to a dry head. As much as possible, place it onto just the scalp area.

— Put a plastic bag over the scalp/hair. Be warned - the egg has a bad smell and it leaks.

— Leave it on your scalp for 1 hour.

— Wash thoroughly with a good shampoo. You might have to wash your head twice to take it out.

Tips

— Don't scratch your head or pick at the scalp. Such actions irritate the scalp and create soreness. This can cause the dandruff to increase. Instead, massage your scalp with tea tree oil after having a shower to give your hair some extra oils.

— When you use shampoo, try adding a squirt of lemon juice. This can help reduce the effects of dandruff.

— Comb your hair with a small toothed comb so that the flaky bits will be combed away. You can even put a little bit of baby powder on the scalp (where the flaky bits are) and use a small toothed comb to comb the dandruff out.

— Clean your hairbrush regularly in vinegar.
— Use some anti-dandruff grease. This can produce good results.

Warning

— When you start using anti-dandruff shampoos and then stop, the dandruff may come back worse than before.

— Use all natural remedies with a view to reviewing their effectiveness; while they have been suggested by members of the reading community who have experienced relief from dandruff, the results may vary according to your own hair texture, skin reactions and the suitability of the treatment.

— If your dandruff problem actually gets to the point where you can go snowboarding in your flakes, go see your doctor. Just remember, every one gets a little dandruff, so you shouldn't stress too much.

— Always test patch a small area of any homemade remedy before use, in case of a reaction. Do not use any treatment that uses an ingredient you know you are allergic to.

— If you use straight vinegar, your hair will smell of vinegar each time it gets wet until a few days after you're done with the treatment, but as said earlier, the smell goes away once the hair is dry. It's a small price to pay to get rid of a nasty, embarrassing problem.

— If you keep getting flakes, you might have scalp psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis. See a dermatologist for tips.

— If you use the banana method, be sure to get out all of the banana pieces out of your hair for obvious reasons.

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